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Pastor

A baptized minister called to Word and Sacrament ministry on behalf of the church. This ministry involves the preaching and teaching of the Word of God and stewardship of a congregation’s sacramental ministry at worship and in pastoral care. Pastors perform a twofold service in the life of the church: 1) to preach and teach the Word of God and administer the sacraments, so that the baptized are set free from all bondage that prevents them from being the persons God created them to be and 2) to preach and teach the Word of God and administer the sacraments, so that the baptized are set free for serving the neighbors God gives them as ministers in their daily lives.

Priesthood of All Believers

Although not used expressly by Luther, this term functions as a synonym with Luther’s usage of “universal priesthood.” The limitation of the term is related to the implication that real ministry is what is done by “priests.” For this reason some have begun to refer to “the neighborliness of all believers” to emphasize that ministry belongs to all the baptized in their service to others in the arenas of daily life.

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